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Calcium ions (Ca2+) impact nearly every aspect of cellular life.

Every single dis-ease has a component of deregulated Calcium signaling to it. In fact, every malady I’ve ever researched always leads back to calcium signaling in some way.

In the brain, calcium is fundamental in the control of synaptic activity and memory formation.

Calcium (Ca2+) plays fundamental and diversified roles in neuronal plasticity. As second messenger of many signaling pathways, Ca2+ as been shown to regulate neuronal gene expression, energy production, membrane excitability, synaptogenesis, synaptic transmission, and other processes underlying learning and memory and cell survival.

Terahertz (THz) waves can interact with ions in channels of nerve cells and can inhibit calcium signaling.

THz waves have been proved to have great potential for application in the field of neural research.

Nerve fibers can be regarded as dielectric waveguides transmitting THz and mid-infrared waves.

Studies showed that THz waves can regulate neural activity and calcium transport.

Results show that the Ca2+ transmembrane transport is a rapid signal change process on a short timescale, and its spontaneous radiation spectrum is mainly concentrated in the THz range.

Dysfunctional voltage-gated calcium channels has been associated with a list of calcium channelopathies such as epilepy, autism, and neurodegenerative diseases.

The terahertz field could manipulate the conduction of calcium channels which has a wide range of potential applications in therapeutic intervention.

Neurons rely on the action potential (AP) to deliver information from integrating the synapses and cell body, and the neurite outgrowth also needs the action potential to send growth information.

THz exposure promotes neurite outgrowth and increases the expression of synaptic-associated proteins.

Along with neurons, there are other non-neuronal cells in the central nervous system (CNS) that support neuronal function. Oligodendrocytes (OLs) are the myelinating cells in the CNS and form myelin structures on the axons, which insulates axons and increases the propagation rate of electrical impulses along the nerves.

Of note, the myelination process is also enhanced after THz exposure.

THz exposure enhances oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination.


“The Future Medicine will be the Medicine of Frequencies.” ― Albert Einstein

“If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency, and vibration.” ― Nikola Tesla



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